jueves, 2 de julio de 2009

Three important Names who Shaped Literature for Children

Charles Perrault

He and his twin were born in 1628 (-1703)in Paris.
Coming from a family who provided him opportunities of being an educated person,he started his job as a writer publishing his first book in 1697;it consisted of eight stories, folk tales, whose title was Stories or Tales from Times Past, with Morals; for him what he wrote were simply named "stories", but the interesting aspect about these stories is that he was the first one who gave them literary legitimacy. Among the most traditional ones we can mention Blue Beard, Little Red Riding Hood and Sleeping Beauty in the Woods.The impact his work provoke among people was such that his stories became very popular throughout the entire world, even nowadays(though them became more modern versions, )
Perrault also published other three fairy tales written by himself, they were Griselda,The Ridiculous Wishes and Donkey Skin.

Grimm Brothers

The first, Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm, as well as the second, Wilhelm Carl Grimm, were born in Hanau, Germany in 1785 and 1786 respectively. They both studied law and took part in the elaboration of the German dictionary, which was published after they died. In 1812 they were ready to introduce Kinder- und Hausmärchen,their 82 folk tales first collection. Two years later,they republished this book, but this time they added 70 stories. Their final production(the 6th edition) had 200 stories and 10 legends for children. Fortunately, this book was not all they left, apart from it, this clever couple worked on 585 German legends which were compiled and published under the name of Deutsche Sagen between 1816 and 1818. Wilhelm Grimm passed away in 1859 and his brother Jacob in 1863.

Hans Christian Andersen

This man was born in Odense, Denmark in 1805 .
When he was 14, he joined a group of theatre players in Copenhagen; he tried different artistic branches, including playwright but none suited him. In 1822 Jonas Collin, his guardian, allowed him to receive academic education from a school in Slagelse and Elsinore. There, in Slagelse ,he wrote his first poem 'The dying Child' where he expressed the relationship he had with the Principal.That was, in a way, the begining of his carreer as a writer, not only of poems but also of novels, plays and tales (what, gradually, made he become very famous around Europe). His first official works were Tour de force, Fodreise fra Holmens Canal til Østpynten af Amager and the play, Kjærlighed paa Nicolai Taarn (1829). In 1831 published a collections of poems and in 1835 his novel Improvisatoren as well as the booklets of fairy tales for children Eventyr, fortalte for Børn. He continued writing fairy tales in 1843, Nye Eventyr, and 1872, Nye Eventyr og Historier. He died in 1875.

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